First Aid A-Z (Signs, Symptoms & Treatments)

This is First Response's comprehensive list of common medical symptoms and first aid treatments. Our aim is to provide you with a useful A-Z that you can share with your friends, colleagues and associates. Please come back regularly as we build up the alphabet. If there is a particular symptom or treatment you would like us to cover, please get in touch.


A: Amputation, Anaphylaxis, Angina, Asthma 

B: Bleeding, Body Temperature, Burns & Scalds

C: Chain of Survival, Chest Injuries, Choking, CPR & ResuscitationCrush Injury

D: Defibrillation, Diabetes, Dialling 999, Drowning

E: Epilepsy, Eye Injuries

F: Fainting or Syncope, First Aid Kits, First Aid (Health & Safety) Regulations, Febrile Convulsion, Fractures

H: Head Injury, Heart Attack, Heat Exhaustion, Heat Stroke, Hyperventilation, Hypothermia, Hypoxia

L: Levels of Response

M: Meningitis

N: Nose Bleeds

P: Poisoning, Primary & Secondary Survey

R: Recovery Position, Resuscitation & CPR

S: Shock, Spinal Injuries, Strains & Sprains, Stroke, Syncope (see Fainting)

U: Unconsciousness


This information has been provided by a team of medical professionals within the NHS including doctors, paramedic tutors, paramedics and nurses. By familiarising yourself with this information you could have the opportunity to deliver effective emergency treatment, which will dramatically effect the outcome for the patient.


You might also like the interesting articles, news and blogs that can be found in our News & Views section.

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Please note: Content posted in our A-Z is not intended to amount to advice on which reliance should be placed. Please feel free to read our terms for more information.

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